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Posted by: Georgi 

Recent research, conducted at Boston University School of Medicine, indicates that some people find it almost impossible to lose weight and liken this to trying to give up drugs or alcohol completely. What should one do to stop eating compulsively?

Scientists continue to remain fascinated with the subject of overeating. This could be due to the way eating different types of food has evolved over the ages. We are now flooded with an abundance of nutritional values, yet the rate at which people develop diabetes and heart problems are increasing, as also the problem of people becoming grossly overweight and obese.

Studies are being conducted to detect ways of shedding those extra pounds or trying to analyze why there is a problem with trying to lose weight. A study was done on 155 rats, which were put on a normal diet for five days and then given high sugared foods with chocolate flavoring for the next two days. Naturally, the rats latched on to the latter diet and refused to eat any more dietic food. Rather, they began to show signs of anxiousness when they were not given this rich food.
Does this ring a bell? The rats overate, when they were put back on the junk food diet though they began to lose their anxiety and behaved normally again. Studies indicated that the rats suffered similar withdrawal symptoms, when humans were taken off alcohol or drugs. There are no theories to support the fact that rat brains work the same way, as human brains.

Study author, Pietro Cottone, with other researchers have concluded that the results indicate that there could be a connection between Yoyo dieting and periodical swings when people experience withdrawal symptoms, as they try to refrain from taking drugs or alcohol. Studies further indicate that these researchers are of the opinion that eating disorders including obesity are chronic condition, where there are periodic bouts when people abstain from eating forbidden foods, such as sugar and fats and then binge uncontrollably on these high calories compulsively.

A person, who tries to stay away from junk food, finds it very difficult to give it up altogether and reverts with a vengeance when he cannot hold out anymore. A solution has been found, which may help people in this condition. They worked on the rats and found that it worked, when they added a stress component to the brains of the rats.

There is hope with the recent findings, though the treatment is not very conclusive. However, they are working on finding new solutions where they try not to blame the problem on the patient or allow the overweight person to play the blame game. The condition is likened to a drug addict, trying to give up drugs and blames his lack of willpower when he finds it impossible to kick the habit.

Try and gather help and support from friends to give up this habit of yoyo dieting so that you can control your habit and try to keep good health.

Posted by: Georgi 

Definition of Metabolism
Metabolism, according to experts, are those complex enzymes and hormones working in harmony in the body to burn foods that we eat efficiently into fuel. The rate, at which our calories are burned to significantly raise or lower our weight is the process of what we term “Metabolism”.

The Metabolic rate differs from one individual to another. There are several factors, which can affect metabolism. One is age, as studies reveal that the metabolic rate slows down by about 5% every 10 years after one crosses the age of 40. Another factor is the sex of a person, as it has been proved that women burn fewer calories than men do when the body is resting. The proportion of body mass and muscle also influences the metabolism.

Heredity has an important role to play in deciding the metabolism. Some bodies burn calories faster than others do. In rare thyroid gland deficiency problems, the metabolic rate slows down. People, who are overweight, surprisingly have a higher metabolic rate. The body needs fewer calories, when a person begins to shed noticeable amount of muscle and body fat. This probably explains why people end up regaining lost pounds very quickly.

Take the scenario of two people with the same weight of 250 pounds each. The first person lost nearly 100 lbs. to reach this weight, while the other has always maintained this steady weight. It has been proved that the person, who lost weight drastically, has a slower metabolic rate than the other person does. Therefore, this person needs to reduce his calorie intake to maintain his weight.

It is possible to make the best of one’s metabolism, even though they are born with a certain metabolic rate when one is on a diet plan. One of the best ways is to perform aerobic exercises or carry out weight training to build up muscles and raise the metabolic rate long term.

According to Kelli Calabrese MS, CSCS, ACE who is a personal fitness trainer, we burn about 35 calories daily with every pound of muscle that we develop whereas only 2 calories are burned with a pound of fat. Therefore, even though we burn more calories when performing aerobic exercises, when we weight train the metabolic rate has long lasting effects, even when one has stopped carrying weights. You therefore put on weight less easily, eat more and gain extra muscle due to this.

Eating More Helps to Burn Better
We need to eat smaller meals more often to lose weight. It is beneficial to eat regularly small meals to kick the metabolism to work in high gear and burn more calories at the same time.

Keeping one’s stomach empty for long hours in between meals only ends up in slowing the metabolism, which compensates for this. Eating heartily when the metabolic rate is low confuses the body, so that it hangs on to the existing calories. When this continues over a period, it becomes harder for the body to try to lose or gain some pounds.

Research conducted at the Georgia State University proved that athletes, who snack three times a day on about 250 calories per snack, felt more energy levels than those who refrained from snacking. Studies also indicate that those who snacked more often ate less during their normal meals. They developed higher metabolism, consumed lesser calories and successfully reduced body fat.

How do we know that certain foods aid in increasing the metabolic rate? We hear varying theories from supermodels, who swear by foods mixed with red peppers or movie stars who rave about green tea.

The fact is that the body automatically revs up the metabolic rate in the first hour after food is consumed. It is also true that spicy foods, such as hot peppers can increase the metabolic rate by nearly 20% in the first half hour. However, it is uncertain if this burning is prolonged after the initial 30 minutes.

According to the British Journal of Nutrition, a study was done on a few Japanese women and it was found that red pepper increased the metabolic rate and caused the body to heat up after consuming food. The best results were noted when the spicy red pepper was consumed with foods high in fat and subsequently high in calories.
According to a study published in a journal “Medicine& Science in Sport & Exercise”, it was revealed that men, who combined red pepper with meals that were high in carbohydrates, found that their metabolism was boosted for about 30 minutes after the meal, regardless of whether they were resting or active. There was no conclusive proof of whether the burn lasted longer than the said 30 minutes. The same results were found when research was conducted on men who drank green tea. Green tea contains EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) – a substance, which is a powerful antioxidant that contains similar properties like hot pepper.

Studies were conducted on 10 men and published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Research indicated that men, who consumed both 50 milligrams of EGCG and 90 milligrams of caffeine along with their meals recorded nearly 4% higher energy boost for 24 hours. (This applied to those who drank both tea as well as caffeine). There was no conclusive proof, however, to indicate that this would help to shed weight.

Posted by: Georgi 

One of the major problems today is obesity, which causes serious ailments, such as diabetes and other ill effects on children who are overweight.
The best way to affect obesity kids is by encouraging them to diet and keep fit with exercise. This is quite a difficult proposition to get kids motivated into this type of strict regime.

Since kids do not realize the grave dangers of being obese, it is nearly impossible to train them into maintaining a healthy weight. Adults find it extremely difficult to do this.

Ways to Help Shed Pounds
It is essential that a child is trained into working towards weight reduction. This is not such a difficult task for a parent, as one does not have to make a list of each calorie that is being consumed by way of food or drink. It would really be impossible to do this when the child is at school.

The easy way to use rationale is to limit the caloric intake by about 3,500 calories, as this is what constitutes a pound of excess weight in a kid. One of the ways to incorporate weight loss tips is to reduce the intake of sweets and sugars by creating sensible eating habits where the daily calorie intake is closer to 500 calories per day.

Luckily, it is not necessary to take extreme measures to curtail the diet and calorie intake of your obese child. As a teenager, he/she may just about gain about 10 to fifteen pounds in a year. This is equivalent to the 150 calories contained in a non-diet can of soda.

How to Stop Weight Gain
A useful weight loss tip is to put a hold on their weight gain.
A watchful parent can use one’s initiative and try to maintain the required number of calories in a day by ensuring that the food intake of the child does not exceed the set number. It is not necessary to count each and every calorie that is being consumed.

These tips will teach parents to calculate the excess weight gained in the recent year and reduce the diet sufficiently, so that the child refrains from consuming extra calories. Substitute good wholesome snacks when the child comes back from school, which are healthy and avoid milk with fat or sodas that are loaded with calories.
Keeping the overall weight factor in mind, the parent should concentrate on not introducing excess calories over and above what it required to stop weight gain. If the teen has not yet attained puberty, he may require those extra calories to ensure that he is the right weight as this can affect normal growth.

Trying to shed pounds
It is not enough to only concentrate on not gaining extra weight. One can cut down sufficient calories in the foods given to children and figure out how to help the child lose some weight. Slowly reduce the calorie intake by 50 calories in a day, if your child requires losing about 5 pounds. Alternatively, increase the calorie reduction by another 50 calories to double the weight loss.

It is easy to assess the weight loss or gain of a child and restrict the calories intake accordingly. Reduce that many calories that are required to maintain a particular weight and make sure the child gets all the nutrients in the foods that he consumes. Reduce further, if there is need so that the child maintains the right weight.
Analyze the Diet carefully

Use the general guidelines available to understand how to control the diet and check how to keep the excess calories at bay. Once you have figured out the cause for weight gain, it is not too difficult to cut back on a snack during bedtime or convert the drinks and foods to low fat or diet choices, thereby curtailing the intake of unwanted calories by the child.

Maintain an exercise regime
Keeping fit is something that one should monitor. Make sure the kid is active and exercises during the day, so that maximum calories are being burned.

A child can exercise and knock off 50 calories a day, so that he does not have to worry about consuming 50 calories less in the diet per day. This is true, when the child is very active and works out actively.

Eating a food with limited calorie intake as well as exercising is the best way to go for kids who battle with an overweight problem. One hour of regular activity such as roller-blading, walking, playing basketball, soccer or even walking can help a child burn nearly 50-100 calories in a day.

In case your child is overweight and you wish to motivate him/her to reduce the weight, first of all be an example for your kid, lead a healthy way of life, eat wholesome food only and this will definitely reflect on your kid’s life and weight as well.

Posted by: Georgi 

It is possible to change the shape of the body, but the extent depends on certain factors, which are within your control. There are some situations where one cannot do much.

1. Puberty: During this stage in one’s life, it is possible for a teenager to undergo a drastic change in the shape or weight structure of their bodies. Most often, children of both sexes grow taller as well as put on weight at the time of puberty. The hormones that are released during puberty account for weight gain in girls and muscle gain in boys. This may make a teenager feel that he or she has gained weight, even though that may not necessarily be the case.

2. Genes: Teenagers often ask me why they cannot ape their friends. The answer lies in the genes. The way your body takes shape the weight that is stores in some parts more than others to give you an apple or pear shape and even your height is determined by the genes inherited from one’s parents. There is all likelihood of being overweight, if your parents are dealing with the problem.

3. The Foods that you consume can cause weight gain or loss. It is a fact that one cannot control genes and changes during puberty. However, one can consume extra calories by eating the wrong foods such as junk foods, chips, soda, French fries and sweets and refraining from healthy vegetables and fruits for good nutrition.

4. Lack of exercise can be a major factor that contributes to weight gain. It is necessary to be active and do vigorous exercises in the day to take care of excess calories. According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), it is recommended that children and teenagers indulge in many hours of activity in a day and elders exercise at least one hour in the day. These activities can include:
a) Inline skating or skateboarding
b) Going for long bike rides
c) Any form of dancing
d) Swimming activities
e) Athletic sports
f) Any sport
g) Shooting hoops

By refraining from sitting in front of the computer or TV, one can learn to burn calories, which will affect weight loss. Motivate yourself by:
a) Doing things that really interest you. If you are not the outdoor type of person, you can work out indoors with workout videos or trying out steps from different video games such as Dance Dance Revolution.
b) Get into a daily routine. Try to get into a habit of exercising at a particular time of the day.
c) Always try to create opportunities whereby you are always on the move. Try to walk an extra lap or two around the mall, dance in or around the house by turning on the volume of the radio, walk instead of driving to meet your friend. This is a surefire formula for burning all those excess calories and remaining in top form.
d) Seek help. Seek guidance and support from your parents. Tell them to help you to find a gym where you can work with a trainer and ask them to invigorate you into working out daily with them.

Monitor your Calorie Intake
It is not enough to lead an active life. It is equally important to control the intake of calories, if one is looking to lose weight. Get the support of your friends and family members. Your parents will be able to choose the right type of foods, if you talk to them seriously about your concern and even help them make the right choices. Look at the following options for learning how to cut those calories:
a) Tanking up: Reduce those juices, aerated sports drinks and soda, as these contain unnecessary calories. Drink water instead.
b) Eat more veggies and fruits: While these are low in calories, they are high in fiber and very nutritious. You learn to eat less veggies and fruits though they make you feel full faster. If you snack on a fruit before your main meal you will eat less during the meal and still feel full.
c) Do away with junk food. These foods taken on a daily basis can only cause harm than good. Resort to junk food only when there is an occasion. Avoid them like the plague on a daily basis.
d) Do not snack aimlessly. Overcome temptations to snack continuously by eating healthy foods. Stay away from sweets, cookies and candy, however tempting they may be. Some people binge when they feel blue tired or bored. This type of emotional eating is not a solution, as it only worsens the problem instead of making it better.
Remember to eat wisely and space your meals wisely through the day, so that the metabolic rate is maintained and you have enough reserves for any form of activity during the day.

Posted by: Georgi 

Dental plaque is a multifaceted microbial community mainly made up of bacteria among other inorganic compounds (read phosphorus and calcium). It is believed that dental plaque harbors at least 400 different types of bacteria such as the filaments, rods, eukaryotic cells, cocci, and cytoskeleton – a very complex bacterial cell. Plaque in itself isn’t as serious since it is a simple soft deposit on the gum and teeth and which can easily be removed by brushing and flossing your mouth. However, it is the phosphorus and calcium (the inorganic compounds) that make matters worse.

These compounds, which mostly come from saliva, if left on your teeth makes the otherwise soft plaque hard which needless to mention, becomes very difficult to brush or floss off. The process of hardening the plaque is known as calcification, and the ensuing hard layer is technically known as calculus. This layer leaves a very hard and rough surface over your tooth, which as a result provides an ample platform for the multiplication of more plaque.

With that being said, the importance of brushing and flossing your teeth on a regular basis to get rid of Dental plaque can never be overemphasized enough. By doing this, the plaque will remain soft and will not harden to become calculus. The result of poor dental hygiene is double. As mentioned, the calculus provides an ample platform for new plaque to form and multiply. Note that the more plaque that is deposited in your teeth, the bigger the area of calcification on the surface of your teeth, creating an even wider platform for more Dental plaque. This is because it turns into a self-feeding and self-sustainable cycle.

Still on point, it is the same prime environment that becomes also very attractive to other types of infections and bacterial species. Further other bacterial species are always engrossed to the natural bacteria found in dental plaque, thereby making this a vicious cycle. These other bacteria species start to accumulate after around 3 days of uninterrupted plaque is left on the teeth, reason enough to brush and floss your teeth daily. Once a week passes on and the bacteria are still undisturbed, a third set of bacteria is attracted to the microbial community, a set which is more bothersome than the primary and secondary bacteria, and the vicious cycle continues.
Simply put, poor dental hygiene is a welcome environment for all types of bacteria. Note that poor dental hygiene does not only threaten the wellbeing of your gums and teeth, there is reason to believe that your oral hygiene also has a direct impact in other health issues. Stroke, asthma, heart disease and even cancers, all which are life-threatening health diseases, can result from poor dental hygiene as they contain the same cells as those found in dental plaque.

The only guaranteed way to be safe is to ensure you brush your teeth very regularly, if possible after every meal, avoid sugary foods and drinks, and more importantly, schedule a visit to the dentist at least twice every year for a regular and thorough dental checkup.

Posted by: Georgi 

Anyone who tries to adhere to these 5 healthy weight loss tips will notice good results and perhaps, succeed in bringing their weight, to where it should be. It is not enough to just appreciate the tips. It is important to put them into practice for best results.

Tip #1. Drink lots of water

Start drinking water in large quantities. Water is necessary for many things. It helps to flush out the toxins from the body, as well as clean the system, so that a person looks and feels healthier. One can prevent over-eating if they drink plenty of water, as this does not contain any calories and helps in curbing hunger. The first thing one should do on waking up is drinking a glass of water. This helps a person control the amount of food and drink consumed at breakfast. As the water flows through the system, it clears the digestive tract and provides a lubricant inside. There is no harm in drinking tea immediately after drinking water. In fact, it is good for health and contains minimum calories.

Tip #2. Think about what you can add to your diet, not what to remove

Concentrate on improving the diet by adding the right foods. One does not have to concentrate only on avoiding foods. The following list will help to give you a fair idea of what you can consume use for desired weight reduction:

a) Oatmeal – This is by far the best form of carbohydrates that work beneficially, when one is on a diet. Oatmeal contains the necessary diet fiber and since it does not contain sugar,
it is possible to use it, in different preparations. Oatmeal can be consumed hot or cold, as a cereal, or added to other foods, in a number of appetizing ways.
b) Buckwheat – This is an ideal accompaniment to protein and a great carbohydrate that one should consider when on a diet. Use it in casseroles or for making delicious pancakes, used in the form of flour. Buckwheat can also be used in granular form. This is an excellent alternative to oatmeal.
c) Barley does not necessarily have to be used only in soup. It can be used in making different casseroles or tasty preparations of different kinds of beans. Taken hot or cold, barley is a versatile carbohydrate that is excellent for people who need to incorporate good dietary habits for maximum gains.
d) Quinoa is very popular with vegetarians. Since this grain has a low glycemic index value, it takes longer to digest in the system and therefore helpful for weight-watchers, as they do not tend to get hungry quickly. Further quinoa contains protein, which is a complete source and goes a long way to quell hunger pangs.
e) Brown Rice – This is an excellent, versatile grain that is easy to prepare and inexpensive to purchase. Brown rice is easily available and it can be turned into several tasty dishes, so that one does not get bored of eating this grain regularly.

Tip #3. Eat only when you are hungry

An important point to remember is to refrain from eating, when one does not feel hunger pangs. Quench your thirst, with water and do not gorge, just because food is laid out in front of you. This is a normal phenomenon at parties that weight watchers have to refrain from. Tell yourself that the effects of over-eating are going to last the whole week and try to refrain from taking huge helpings. Try not to hurt the sentiments of your host, by refusing good food altogether. Limit the quantity, to a bare minimum and remember to pay attention to the foods that you do consume.

Tip #4. Avoid after dinner snacks

Snacking between meals is one of the worst things, to avoid, when one is adhering to the 5 healthy weight loss tips, especially when going on a trip. Junk foods and snacks not only contain empty calories, but heaps of fat and plenty of calories. Focus on the ill effects of snacking before you reach out for that packet.

Tip #5. Do not be too strict on your weight loss program

An important rule to consider when sticking to the 5 healthy weight loss tips is to enjoy what you are doing. Do not follow a very stringent diet. If you are tempted to eat a piece of cake or chocolate, go ahead and have that bite. Do not let guilt over-ride the pleasure of enjoying the temptation. Restricting yourself can set off a craving, which will soon deter your enthusiasm and desire to diet and you may just yield to a yearning for gorging on junk food. By doing this, you may end up consuming the wrong calories in abundance and destroy the effort of trying hard, to lose weight.