Posted by: Georgi 

History of dental caries
Dental caries, otherwise referred to as tooth cavity or tooth decay, is a very common disease where the hard structure of the tooth i.e. the dentin, enamel, and the cementum, are affected by bacterial processes. Dental caries is actually the medical or scientific term used to describe tooth decay. The teeth tissues increasingly break down causing holes (caries or cavities) within the teeth. Dental caries are one of the oldest dental diseases known to man, dating back to the medieval and Neolithic ages. During those times dental caries cases were treated using herbs and so the prevalence was not that high. However, after the advent of Coca-Cola and the likes, dental caries became very, and has affected very many people across the world today more than ever before.

Causes of dental caries
Diet is one of the major causes of not only tooth decay but almost all other tooth related diseases in the world today. Dental caries manifest as chalky white which progressively becomes a fully blown, large visible cavity. The main cause of dental caries is bacteria which are responsible for the manufacture of acid inside the mouth. When this acid comes in contact with the teeth, they will become very sensitive so will be weak and more prone to infections. You see, naturally the teeth are in a demineralization state so when they are exposed to low pHs the process of deterioration will start, ensuing in a cavity or decay.

A dental cavity is visible by the naked eye so your dentist should be able to give you a thorough examination in search of caries each time you visit, which should ideally be after every 6 months. Your dentist will look at your teeth and even probe them if need be with a tool known as an explorer in search of damaged areas or pits. Dental caries in their onset stage could however not be visible with this method, but high tech and advanced technology such as using X-rays and lasers can help detect and diagnose dental caries. These technologies are advisable as they will detect the condition when it is in its onset stage, a time advisable since reversing dental caries is much possible at such a time.

If dental carries is left untreated for an extended period of time, it can lead to unbearable pain, occurrence of opportunistic infections and ultimately tooth extraction. Despite the fact that pain is one of the major symptoms of dental carries, no one knows exactly the real cause of pain but there are theories such as inflammation as a result of the acid-causing bacteria, exposure of your teeth’s root surface, and fluid imbalance levels in small openings inside the dentin known as tubules.

Prevention of dental caries
They say prevention is better than cure and when it comes to dental cavities and other dental diseases, you are better off preventing the occurrence of the disease than actually curing it. Regardless of the form of treatment that you take, things will never be the same again with your teeth once affected by dental cavities. The following are some of the simple procedures and tips you should practice to prevent the onset of the disease.

- First and foremost, you should ensure you brush your teeth on a regular basis, if possible after every meal, and if not possible at least twice, in the morning and at night before you go to bed.

- By the same token, ensure you floss regularly, and floss the right way i.e. down beneath the gum-line to get rid of any plaque and food debris that could be hiding down there

- The worst enemy of dental caries is sugary stuff, so you are better off avoiding these beverages and foods and instead have a diet made of nutritionally healthy foods, especially fresh fruits and vegetables.

- Last but not least ensure you book an appointment with your dentist at least twice every year. This way, you can have your teeth get a thorough professional checkup and cleaning meaning you can be able to catch a dental caries in its onset stage when it will be easier to treat, before it turns out into a major stubborn problem. By the same token, you should always visit your doctor anytime you see and feel signs of pain and discomfort, or increased levels of sensitivity in your teeth; you don’t have to wait for the next scheduled appointment as it could be too late to treat an otherwise mild condition.

As mentioned, treatment for dental caries is best when in its onset stage since such things as fluorides can be used. Fillings and dental crowns can also help treat the condition but when the worst comes to the worst, the only way you can stop the pain is through tooth extraction. So to avoid all this, why don’t you just observe high oral hygiene?

Posted by: Georgi 

A dental implant is described as an imitation tooth root placed by a professional dentist (known as a periodontist) in the jaw so as to hold a bridge or another replacement tooth or teeth. A dental implant is a great answer for individuals whose oral health is in great condition only that they could have lost a tooth or several of them because of an injury, accident, or due to a periodontal disease. Although dental implants are complex in nature, they tend to be very tooth-saving compared to the old bridgework as they don’t rely on the adjacent teeth for their support.

Opting for dental implants is a daunting and expensive commitment since not only is the cost of the procedure very high, most medical insurance coverages will not include dental implants in their coverage package. It is also to be mentioned that there is a significant period of downtime after the procedure. As such, dental implants are not the best of solutions for everyone although there are situations that warrant a dental implant.

One of the major benefits of dental implants is their strength and durability. If professionally and well fitted, dental implants can last a lifetime, but only if you take good care of your implants. Just because you have dental implants doesn’t mean your oral hygiene should stop, if anything, it is when you need to observe great oral hygiene. You will need to clean and protect them from situations that could cause a crack or chip.

Having a dental implant allows you to eat whatever you want without fearing causing disturbance that could lead to pain in the mouth or even the embarrassing yet unavoidable denture slip. Because dental implants are made of titanium, days of worrying about tooth decay will be long gone. Unlike crowns and bridges which can rot over time and which calls for a lot of care and attention, a dental implant is so natural it even looks like natural teeth.

With that being said, it is to be mentioned that dental implants are not a one-size-fit all. You will need to consult with a professional dentist who will work with you all the way as you choose the right size, brand, materials, and types of implants to have fitted, those that will not only suit your tastes and preferences but those that will be within your budget. Since an implant will be customized to your specific needs, it means that your bite, speech, and smile will not be compromised even for a second, unlike in a situation of an uncomfortable dental work as is the case to dental bridges or dentures.

Dental bridges and dentures can be quite hard to blend with your other teeth and a minute misstep could make your whole dental bridge fit awkwardly. Dental implants on the other hand are always customized for each specific area of desire meaning your teeth will not be affected in any way as is the case with other dental procedures that need shaving or filing of an adjacent tooth.

The other thing that makes dental implants a better choice than the rest is that they are the most attractive of all artificial dental procedures available today. Your smile will still shine bright as if you were having your real teeth, and what this also means is that your self-confidence and esteem will continue soaring up high.

When dental implants are compared to their cheaper alternatives, you will always get some aesthetic concerns. You see when you have bridges and dentures, you will not only risk affecting the neighboring teeth, it will also mean you will have to keep removing and re-placing them, and this only means one thing’ the process can leave your facial muscles and your gums very weak because of constant disturbance, all which can lead to the much dreaded premature aging.

Whether you have full or partial dentures, you will be vulnerable to food particles among other debris getting trapped, which can be noticeable beneath the bridge. Needless to mention, cases of having dentures pop out suddenly or move within the mouth are not unheard of. With a dental implant however, you will be able to maintain a good and strong bone structure, thus keep the area firmer and righter for longer, something which will make you look fresher and younger all the time.

Sadly, dental implants are not for everyone hence you should confirm with your doctor if you are a potential candidate. Further, dental implants can be very expensive, with the cost varying from one country to another depending on different factors, more importantly the materials that will be used. A typical dental implant procedure can cost an average of $1000 and $5000 and can even go up to $100,000 if it is complete dental formula reconstruction. With that being said though, if you opt for a dental implant, you should ensure you deal with a professional and experienced dentist as you wouldn’t want to risk such an exorbitant figure for something less worth it, now would you?

Posted by: Georgi 

Most of us simply assume that using our toothbrushes will suffice when it comes to our teeth, but sometimes toothbrushes can actually be the cause of some dental problems. In between the bristles lurks germs, bacteria, fungi, and viruses that can survive for several months on your toothbrush, most importantly without your knowledge. Scientists have discovered that a single toothbrush can more than 10 million bacteria. How scary is that?

These lingering microorganisms will multiply over time and can actually become a serious detriment to your dental health and other bodily issues. Here are some examples of microorganisms that could be causing problems in your mouth and in your body and live on your toothbrush.

Acid Producing Bacterium: Streptococcus
Streptococci stick around the oral cavity area. Mutans streptococcus produces acid that is effective at attacking tooth enamel minerals. This can cause several tooth disorders such as tooth decay and dental caries (or in layman’s terms: cavaties.)

Strep throat is caused by the bacterium beta-hemolytic streptococcus. Dental plaque is filled with tons of streptococcus sanguis. This type of bacterium will not only modify its environment in order to ensure that other strains of streptococcus will not survive and take over, but it will also attempt to damage other portions of your body. During dental cleanings, this strain of the bacterium has been known to slip through into the blood stream and find its way into heart valves and cause a whole lot of damage to the heart and its arteries.

Herpes simplex virus or Oral Herpes
More commonly known as cold sores, this type infection is usually found on the inside of the mouth or on the lips. Herpes simplex is extremely contagious. Once a person has become infected with the virus, there is no cure and they are stuck with the condition for the rest of their lives. Outbreaks usually occur frequently when the person first becomes infected, but the outbreaks slowly decrease over time.

Bacteria…from the Toilet?
While it may seem normal to keep your toothbrush in the bathroom, like most Americans do, it’s probably going to be near the toilet. While this may be convenient for you, it is actually extremely unsanitary. Every time the toilet flushes, bacteria is able to become airborne and is capable of traveling up to five feet away from the toilet in any direction. Store your toothbrush as far as possible from your toilet in order to prevent toilet bacteria from infecting your toothbrush.

Influenza virus or the Flu
Have you ever wondered why you might have a sore throat for a while or a cold and you’ve been doing everything to get it to go away but it just doesn’t seem to want to leave your body? You might actually be re-infecting yourself each time you use your toothbrush. You also want to make sure you don’t infect others in your family with your toothbrush, so keep it separated from the other toothbrushes. One suggestion is to get a toothbrush holder that contains separate slots for each toothbrush.

Cleaning and Replacing Toothbrushes
Cleaning and replacing your toothbrush on a regular basis is one of the best hygienic moves you can make for both you and your family. Using the same toothbrush for a period of time more than three months can actually cause microorganisms to infect or re-infect your mouth and teeth over and over.

Allowing your toothbrush to dry out between brushings is a way to keep microorganisms from becoming attracted to your toothbrush if it is placed in a damp and dark environment. First rinse your toothbrush in order to sure all lingering food debris has gotten off of the bristles. Next, shake your toothbrush dry after each use and store in an upright position so gravity can help get the water away from the bristles. If you want to be extra careful, try having two toothbrushes, one for the morning and one for the night to ensure that each toothbrush will be dry by the time you use it next.

Other techniques such as soaking the toothbrush in hydrogen peroxide, mouthwash, or diluted beach are popular. While these may be somewhat effective, there’s no way to truly prevent microorganisms from building up in your toothbrush except for actually replacing your toothbrush with a new one.

Posted by: Georgi 

Oral Herpes, commonly known as cold sores, is a very common health condition that is caused by HSV (Herpes Simples Virus). This condition mostly affects the lips and mouth causing very painful sores on the roof of the mouth, the tongue, lips, the inside of the cheeks, and on the gums. Sometimes it can even spread out to the face and neck areas. Oral herpes is known to cause symptoms such as muscle pain and aches and fever.

Generally, HSV is categorized into two – HSV-1 and the not so famous HSV-2. While both of these viruses cause genital and oral lesions and sores, they have very unique and different DNAs. Statistics indicate that HSV-1 is responsible for over 80% of oral sores and only around 20% of genital lesions. HSV-2 on the other hand is responsible for over 80% of all genital lesions and only 205 of oral sores, the exact opposite of each other. Further studies indicate that in adolescents, over 40% of herpes on the genitalia is as a result of the HSV-1 due to the reported cases of genital/oral contact in this stage.

But when all is said and done, the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a characteristic DNA virus responsible for causing oral and genital sores. The virus finds its way into the human body through abrasions, tiny cuts, skin breaks, or even via the mucous membranes. Many people get this virus via direct contact with an individual having the virus, with or without apparent lesions. In the case of kids, they will get infected by simply coming in contact with someone who is infected. Adults and adolescents will most often get affected by the virus via skin contact, kissing, or through sexual contact as is the case with HSV-2.

Be advised that oral and genital herpes can recur as the virus can sometimes be in a dormant state within the human nerve cells. Sometimes different conditions in the human body facilitate the active multiplication of the HSV, leading to a new crop of sores and lesions. The reason behind the occurrence of sores and lesions is because as the cells multiply and start to mature, different HSV particles will start to shatter the cell membrane as they find their way out of the human cell.

Period of incubation – the period between contact with an infected person and the show of symptoms is approximately between 2 and 12 days, with many people averaging around 4 days.

Illness duration – it takes around 2-3 weeks for the sign and symptoms to occur, such as tiredness, fever, irritability, and unexplained muscle aches. Note that at the site of infection, moments before the blisters or sores start to appear you might experience some itching, tingling, pain, or burning sensation, all which are symptoms of an outbreak of the same. After these symptoms, clusters of wounds will erupt, wounds which will break down very fast but to the naked eye they look like small shallow grayish sores with a red base. After a few days, the blisters will become scabbed or crusted and will start to dry out and turn yellow in color.

Oral sores symptoms
- At the onset of your oral herpes condition is when you will experience the strongest pain, which will make eating and swallowing anything, including liquids very difficult and unbearable.

- Oral sores tend to affect the gums, lips, throat, at the front of your tongue, roof of your mouth and in the cheeks, and can also extend to the neck, face, and chin.

- With time, the gums may turn to red in color, may start to bleed, and experience some mild swells.

- Lymph nodes on the neck will be very painful and more often than not will appear swollen

When to see a doctor
- Since oral sores are very painful, it goes without saying that drinking and eating will be very difficult. If you go without eating for several days you may become dehydrated, hence you should seek medical attention immediately you find it difficult to drink or eat as normal.

- You should also seek medical attention immediately you experience any of the following symptoms:-, drowsiness, dry mouth, and irritability.

- If you have an infant of 6 weeks old of under, you should seek urgent medical attention if you notice oral sores. The condition can worsen in infants and young kids. Commonly, as the oral sores continue to spread to the face, chin and neck, the HSV-1 virus can affect the brain of an infant and may become detrimental to the growth and health of that infant.

- You should also contact your doctor immediately you feel your immune system is getting weak and weaker by the minute. This is because a weakened immune system subjects you to more serious health complications and opportunistic infections.

Posted by: Georgi 

A Dental crown, as the name would suggest, is a type of dental restoration procedure that completely encircles or caps a dental implant or tooth. The tooth-shaped ‘lid’ is placed on the tooth to restore its size and shape, fortify it, and/or to improve boost its performance. The most common use of a dental crown is when a huge cavity compromises on the health of your teeth. A crown is basically bonded on the tooth with a type of specialized dental cement. Once the crowns are cemented perfectly in their rightful place, they will fully cap the whole visible part of your tooth. Dental crowns are one of the commonest dental procedures today and can be done by almost all dentists. There are different situations that warrant a dental crown, such as:-

- A dental crown can be used to protect a fragile decaying from breaking.
- Used to hold together pieces of a cracked tooth perhaps after an accident
- Still on point, to restore a tooth that has been worn down severely or a broken one
- To not only cover but also support a tooth that has a large filling in case there is no much tooth left
- To cover very discolored teeth or teeth that are misshaped
- To hold a fitted dental bridge in its rightful place
- To cover and hide a dental implant

It is to be noted that unlike oral dental methods of caring for and restoring ‘unhealthy’ teeth that entail working in the mouth, a dental crown is not made inside the mouth but instead a mold of your teeth is created externally and then inserted over the teeth that need capping. This has made it possible to create the inserts from different materials such as porcelain or metal, ceramic, and resin, and gold, materials which couldn’t otherwise be created in the mouth. Fixing a dental crown can be very expensive, but the thing is generally dependent on the type of material used to make the dental crown.

The most affordable dental crowns are those made of resin but they tend to wear down quite easily over time and are more susceptible to such things as fractures. As expected, the most expensive are metal dental crowns, with the types of metal used including gold alloy among other allows such as a base metal alloy of chromium or nickel. The best thing about metal dental crowns is that they withstand chewing and biting forces quite well no wonder they are the most durable of them all. The other reason why metal crowns are expensive and preferred is because they rarely break or chip.

You will also find different fusions such as porcelain mixed with metal, which are also preferred as they offer the best color combination to the natural teeth. Ceramic dental crowns are also known to offer the best natural color combination and porcelain only comes second to ceramic dental crowns. With that being said, a temporary dental crown is a quick fix which can be done easily in your doctor’s office easily. However, a permanent dental crown is only made by a team of experts in the dental laboratory. Your doctor may recommend fixing a temporary dental crown which is made of stainless steel or acrylic as a temporary solution before the permanent crown is made.

Dental crowns can last for up to 10 years averagely, but its sustainability and lifespan will largely be determined by your oral hygiene. The same way you take care of your oral hygiene and proper care, porcelain or metal dental crown fittings can last a lifetime, on average approximately 50 years. However, regardless of the material used to make the dental crown, its durability will also be determined by the professionalism and skill of the performing dentist, reason enough to only work with professional and qualified dentists, preferably those who are highly experienced in the field.

If you have ever had problems with your teeth that warranted being fitted with a dental crown, perhaps because of an accident or a bad tooth cavity or decay that claimed one of several of your teeth, you can rest assured a dental crown will save you the ordeal of bad colored, mis-shaped or missing teeth. It is however to be mentioned that having a dental crown fitted does not mean the end of your routine oral hygiene. Even though, unlike your natural teeth, a dental crown is not meant to last forever even with the best oral care in the world you can increase its longevity by taking great care of it.

Common factors that affect your natural teeth such as presence of bacteria in your mouth, poor dental hygiene of not brushing and flossing after every meal, especially after a high intake of sugary stuff, can significantly compromise on the health and lifespan of your dental fittings.

Posted by: Georgi 

Otherwise referred to as the Vaginal Dam, the dental dam is one tool that is gaining so much in popularity because of its proven efficacy in facilitating safe oral sex. It is squared thin latex, approximately 6 inches in size which functions as a barrier between the mouth and the vagina when having oral sex. Dental dam is readily available in pharmacy chains and drug stores locally, and has proven very effective in preventing infections from potentially harmful anal or vaginal secretions.

It functions by way of preventing the change of fluids form the mouth to the vagina or vice versa, fluids which can transmit infections. It is used by being worn and stretched diagonally on the vagina so no exchange of body fluid should take place. This tool is very user-friendly in that you first get to rinse it off well so you can get rid of the talk and then dry it completely using a clean piece of cloth or towel, allowing it to air dry from sometime. Note that the talk on your dental dam isn’t supposed to get into the vagina. Once it is try, you should stretch it across the vagina or across the anus as is the case.

The initial versions of the dental dam were such that one partner was supposed to hold on the dams so it doesn’t come off while at it. Today however, thanks to advancement in technology, there is a great alternative where you will find some of these dams made using strips so as to keep it intact and ensure both partners enjoy their sexual act. Be advised that the dental dam isn’t lubricated hence it is advisable you use a water-based lubricant inside the vagina to make the sex enjoyable.

Precautions of use
First and foremost, you are advised not to use the same dental dam again meaning if you are doing oral vaginal or oral anal intercourse you should invest in two different dams so you can avoid transmitting infections from the anus to the vagina or vice versa.

Just how effective or ineffective thereof is the dental dam?
Many people are of the opinion that by using a layer of latex over the vagina or anus the normal stimulation that the tongue causes will reduce. Well truth is the feeling of the tongue on the sheath will be very different from that on the unsheathed vagina or anus. However, it doesn’t in any way affect the stimulation or enjoyment of sex. Be advised though that if you want to really enjoy stimulation, you should use lots of water-based lubrication with the latex on the mouth.

But when all is said and done, using a dental dam is the sole discretion and choice of an individual. Depending on you and your partner, you should decide on the level of protection that you want but just like condoms to protect STDs, dental dams are always recommended to protect against possible infections from anal and vaginal secretions.

Posted by: Georgi 

Canker sores are described as painful and very uncomfortable sores inside the mouth. Their cause is still very vague but researchers and experts believe it could be a combination of different agents and factors, predisposing factors of an individual. Biologically, white blood cells affect the mouth by targeting specific spots, meaning that spots that have some autoimmune disorders could be more susceptible to canker sores.

Otherwise referred to as aphthous ulcers, canker sores as mentioned are painful, very annoying in responding to treatment, not to mention very persistent. The sores would mostly be found in your inner lips, cheeks, gums, or your sublingual parts of the mouth. While canker sores are very tiny in size, they can be felt as large and very sensitive when touched. Common symptoms of canker sores include a tingling or burning sensation in the mouth.

The condition will start to manifest as a tiny whitish sore that manifests itself as a wound that has pink edges surrounding it. While these first symptoms could mean any of the many dental health problems that are common in today’s society, the presence of fever, swelled lymph nodes, and listlessness could allay your fears and narrow down your dental issue to canker sores.

There are some canker sores conditions that have been linked to mouthwashes and toothpastes that have sodium lauryl sulphate as an ingredient. This ingredient, which is very common in most brands today, is believed to make the mouth dryer than usual, thus predisposing the dry parts of the mouth to canker sores. Normally, switching your toothpaste to one that doesn’t have this ingredient will help manage the condition and reduce the sores.

Some experts feel that individuals with high levels of stress could be more vulnerable to canker sores. Periods of intense stress could significantly affect one, perhaps because of the high respiratory rates that tend to make the mouth dry. Sleep aids and tranquilizers, generally medication taken to relieve stress, can also cause dry mouth, and the upshot is the breakout of sores.

Dietary deficiencies could also be attributed to causing canker causes. Significantly low levels of Vitamin B and C variants can lead to canker sores. Note however that in most cases, B complex vitamins are used to treat emotional imbalances and stress, thus making it clearly hard to determine whether the predisposing condition of sores is because of a deficiency of Vitamin B, the presence of stress, or a combination of the two. Lack of iron, calcium, selenium, folic acid, and zinc has also been associated with canker sores.

With that being said, it is to be mentioned that canker sores can disappear on their own without treatment. Most treatment options available though concentrate mainly on reducing pain or boosting one’s immunity to facilitate a natural healing process. Some home remedies that will help with canker sores include hydrogen peroxide mixed in water and then applied evenly on the affected areas. But when all is said and done, nothing beats good oral hygiene, the easiest and simplest way to treat canker sores. Remember that prevention is better than cure!

Posted by: Georgi 

Leukoplakia is the medical term for a condition, where white thick patches develop on the bottom of the mouth, inner cheeks or the tongue. This is generally regarded as a condition prior to cancer, as nearly 3% of patches on the body generally prove to end up cancerous. Most often, oral cancer springs up near these patches.

The most common type of oral cancer is “Squamous cell carcinoma”. This could lead to disastrous results on the tissues surrounding the area if neglected. It could easily spread to other areas of the body aggressively.

There could be several reasons attributed for reaching this condition. Rough teeth, improper dentures, poor oral hygiene and continuous use of tobacco contribute to the causes. Leukoplakia is commonly prevalent in older people after the age of 40, as they develop nearly 95% of oral cancers during this period. Patients who are HIV positive or those who develop Epstein – Barr virus along with others can develop this disease. This is also true for patients after transplants who take immune-suppressants, as they end up with compromised immune systems.

Leukoplakia is the direct result of improper oral hygiene. It is necessary to look after the mouth, as failure to care can lead to Periodontitis or Gingivitis. Statistics and research prove that people suffering from Periodontitis could easily be linked to developing oral cancer. Any infection that occurs in the mouth makes it highly susceptible to developing the disease.

Dentists are of the opinion that one can easily prevent periodontitis. Regular brushing of the teeth and flossing will prevent this condition from occurring. This, combined with checkups regularly, will help to avoid the risk of severe dental issues from surfacing.

Visit the dentist regularly and check for occurrences of Leukoplakia. Just like with other cancers, a patient can survive the condition if it is detected in the early stages. A dentist will perform a biopsy, if he detects any white patches and send a sample of these deadly white tissues for chemical analysis and microscopic studies. The results of the biopsy will indicate the seriousness of the case and the dentist can decide the immediate treatment for preventing the development of further metastasis.
The appearance of patches itself can be arrested by regular checkups. The dentist is able to treat the problem, as they generally occur because of improper oral hygiene. The dentist can take corrective measures by prescribing new dentures, removing or repairing, damaged rough teeth, plaque or tartar to reduce the chances of developing this condition.

If the patient notices strange patches in the mouth in between health checkups, they should notify their dentist immediately so that he can evaluate the case. It is entirely possible that the patient has contracted thrush or a yeast infection, which also manifests itself in white patches. The dentist will arrest the problem if detected in the early stages, hence even conditions such as thrush should be brought to the dentist’s notice immediately.
It is advantageous to prevent problems, such as Leukoplakia from developing, even though it could be benign for the most part. Regular dentist checkups and excellent oral care will reduce the chances of a patient contracting this condition and turning malignant.

Posted by: Georgi 

Oral thrush is a health condition caused by a fungus known as Candida — Candida is a yeast infection that will normally attack the mouth, and is always characterized by the presence of creamy white lesions in all parts of the mouth namely the tongue, the roof of the mouth, the gums and the inner cheeks. The tonsils will also spot some white lesions that appear like cottage cheese, which tend to bleed if they are scraped or rubbed.

While oral thrush is a condition that mostly affects newborns and toddlers, it isn’t uncommon to find it in adults too. Needless to mention, oral thrush in adults can be a source of poor self-esteem as it is very uncomfortable to have and sufferers will always be self-conscious of their condition. Like all yeast infections in the mouth, oral thrush isn’t a life threatening health condition but it is always advisable to seek immediate medical attention to curb it in its onset stages so it will not spread.

The good news is that you can treat yourself off this condition right at home, thanks to some effective and time tested home remedies that have always proven very effective. Home remedies are quite affordable and will considerably enhance and accelerate the healing process instantly.

- To get rid of bacteria and yeast in the mouth, rinse your mouth using warm salty water three times a day, particularly after meals. This way, you get to remove food remnants in an effective manner.
- Natural unsweetened yoghurt has also proven to be a great home remedy for oral thrush, acting as a natural antibiotic. Drink yoghurt, retain it in the mouth for a few minutes before you swallow it, and repeat it several times a day for more effective results.
- Onions and garlic are other equally effective home remedies for oral thrush, thanks to their potent anti-bacterial properties. Try putting some raw onion and garlic while eating food. You can also try using garlic supplements if the bad ‘garlic breath’ is your concern
- If you already have the disease, you might want to try and avoid hard solid foods and replace them with soft liquid-like foods so you will not bruise your lesions and worsen their condition, making them difficult to respond to treatment positively.
- By the same token, avoid sugary food as sugar is fodder to yeast. Eating sugary foods will make the yeast multiply in the mouth and spread to unaffected areas. If you are the kind of person who cannot live without eating something sweet, you might opt for fresh fruits which are not only sweet but also rich in vitamins and nutrients, unlike taking over processed sweet products.
- Did you know that sleep also affects your oral thrush condition? Why and how? Lack of sleep leads to emotional and physical stress, great contributors of yeast infections. A normal human being deserves at least 6-7 hours of sleep every day so the body can get enough rest and become less prone stress.

Posted by: Georgi 

Gum disease, otherwise known as periodontal disease, is a common mouth infection that affects the bones and tissues that supports and surrounds your teeth. This disease is caused by plaque, which comes as a result of the food that you eat getting mixed up with the bacteria and yeast that subsists in your mouth. Plaque then forms over your teeth and if it is not removed by brushing regularly, regular flossing, and going for regular dental checkups, it could result in a gum disease where the gums become infected then inflamed.

If the current research findings are anything to go by, there is reason to worry about gum disease, as it has been linked to other diseases affecting the other parts of the body. There is enough evidence to believe that periodontal diseases are linked to stroke, diabetes, heart complications, pregnancy, and diabetes, reason enough to take necessary precaution and safeguard your health. But how exactly does this happen? Because the bacteria in plaque that gets sandwiched between your teeth and gum can get into your bloodstream, which then will travel in the body causing serious health complications?

The relationship between periodontal disease and heart complications is such that the bacteria in the mouth when it gets entrapped in the bloodstream once the gums become inflamed, mix with platelets, cells responsible for blood clotting. The bacteria and the cells can then lodge into blood vessel walls. It is these clots that lead to a life-threatening heart disease. But, when you keep your gums healthy and take care of your oral health, you can significantly reduce your risk of getting a heart attack.

As for gum disease and stroke, it is the fatty deposits stuck in the carotid arties that lead to stroke. This happens when the gums are inflamed as up to 40% of the bacteria that contributes to the fatty deposits come from the mouth. Stomach ulcers is also linked to gum disease in that if the bacterial count that stays in your mouth is high, some of it will travel to the stomach lining thus causing gastric ulcers. If no action is taken against the bacteria, it will be a vicious continuous cycle that causes infection and re-infection of ulcers.

Pregnant women are also not spared by this disease, a problem which poses serious health risks to the unborn babies. So serious is gum disease in pregnant women that those who suffer from it are 8 times more likely to have a premature birth of an underweight infant.

To be able to overcome gum disease which in effect will significantly reduce the risks of developing life threatening diseases, it is always recommended that you observe good oral hygiene. This you do by brushing your teeth the right away, at least twice a day, flossing in between meals every day, and eating a healthy well balanced diet. You should equally avoid such things as sugary snacks, alcohol and tobacco which are known to facilitate the multiplication of bacteria in the mouth. Last but not least, you should schedule regular appointments with your dentist.