Cholesterol is basically classified into two- the good and the bad. The good type is known as HDL while the bad type is termed LDL. Basically, the human body requires the HDL cholesterol to function well while the LDL Cholesterol is expected to be lowered or eliminated often.
Basically, the LDL Cholesterol is the bad form of cholesterol that can harm your body system. LDL is the short form for “Low density lipoprotein” which usually carries loads of cholesterol through the body. The LDL showcases as a microscopic particle blob which consists of an outer rim of lipoprotein. It’s called “low density lipoprotein” because of the fact that its particles are less dense than every other kind of cholesterol particles. In most cases, the LDL just like the HDL or the good cholesterol comes from several diets and foods items we take. However, some of them are also formed by the liver.
The Bad in LDL Cholesterol
LDL Cholesterol is not just bad for nothing sake. There are several factors that make it bad. The bad aspect of the cholesterol is its chemical content. In most cases the LDL circulates through the bloodstream where it rests on the walls of the arteries. This can start during early childhood or adolescent stage. In most cases, the white blood cells try to digest the LDL in the attempt to protect the blood vessels. The white blood cells usually end up converting the LDL into a toxic or oxidized state. In the process, many other white blood cells as well as other related cells will begin to migrate to the area. This will then create incessant and low inflammation of the artery walls.
Now, when extra LDL cholesterol and other cells begin to accumulate in the area, the entire scenario can easily create a bump in the artery known as “plaque”. Basically, the plaque is a combination of cells, debris and the LDL cholesterol.
If the above process continues unabated, the plaque will continue to increase. This will block the artery and prevent it from functioning well. Greater damage can as well be done when a sudden rupture burst open on the surface area of the plaque. This can lead to blood clot and then heart attack will result. Thus, the greatest effect of LDL Cholesterol is that, it can easily lead to heart attack and other related heart diseases.
In the Cholesterol world, the LDL Cholesterol is known for wearing a black hat. It usually accumulates in the walls of blood vessels and also causes the blockage of atherosclerosis. Now, when the LDL is very high, you’re sure to be in greater risk of heart attack. You may even suffer sudden blood clot in the artery which has been narrowed in the process.
Managing the level of LDL Cholesterol
There’s every need for you to control the LDL Cholesterol level in your body system at all time. This prevents you from getting heart attack and other heart related diseases. It’s always important you know the level of your LDL. You need to be going for regular checkup at the hands of a good doctor in order to know the level. If the level of the LDL is very high, the doctor is likely to recommend a better treatment option for you.
In most cases, an LDL Cholesterol test is required to determine the level. When the level of the LDL is tested to be at 100 mg/dl, it’s said to be optimal. When the level is at the range of 100 to 129 mg/dl, it’s said to be near optimal. If the level is at the range of 130 to 159 mg/dl, it’s said to be high. When the level is at 160 mg/dl, it’s higher. But when it’s at the level of 190mg/dl and above, it’s said to be extremely high.
Basically, a lower LDL is recommended. However the condition of your heart determines this. If you have a high risk of heart disease, your LDL level is expected to be at 100mg/dl. If you’re suffering from diabetes, the level of the LDL is expected to be at 70mg/dl. Your doctor will help you to determine the condition of your heart and the level of LDL required per time.
When you succeed in determining the level of the LDL, the next step you need to take is to engage in habits that can lower it. In most cases, your doctor will give you some recommendations as regards the food items you’ll be taking in order to lower the LDL Cholesterol. Certain medications and food supplements may also be recommended by the doctor.
Meanwhile, there are certain steps you can take to lower the level of the LDL Cholesterol. You have to start by making changes in your daily diet plan. You need to be taking LDL cholesterol lowering diets and food items especially the types that are very low in saturated fats. You also need to be adding plant sterols and fiber diets to your daily meals in order to lower the level of the LDL.
Again, you have to stick to quality LDL Cholesterol lowering food stuff like oatmeal, beans, walnut, soy, and others in order to succeed in lowering the LDL easily.
Regular aerobic exercises are also very vital for lowering the LDL. You have to engage in them daily or regularly in order to see good result.
Apart from diets, there are also several drugs that can help in lowering the level of the LDL Cholesterol. Among them include Statins, Fibrates, Niacin, Bile Acid Sequestrants, and so on. You’re not expected to engage in self-medication as that can be very dangerous. Always make sure you’re in close contact with your doctor. He or she is in the best position to recommend the right drugs and diets that can help you in lowering the level of the LDL Cholesterol.