Eczema atopic dermatitis is a condition that starts when a person is born, or when they grow up to be children and can continue into adulthood. It is a chronic skin condition that is normally accompanied by allergies, or asthma, which can become skin inflammations that are hereditary, or a type of atopic eczema. Out of the total, only about a quarter of the cases continue, when people become adults.
The symptoms for this disease may be seen as small crusts, or bumps, red patches that affect the skin area, itchy, irritated skin, which can appear scaly or cracked. The areas when they are most seen are the hands, feet, arms, back of the knees, front of elbows, wrists, ankles, face, neck or around the eyes, though they may appear on any surface of the skin.
The eczema can be contacted when the skin comes into contact with a substance or irritant that causes allergic reactions. Some people can get this type of eczema when their skin comes into contact with foreign bodies such as certain creams, preservatives or even poison ivy. Nummular eczema looks like round patches on the skin when it gets aggravated and becomes crusty and itchy. Infants can get infection from cradle crap, which is known as Seborrhea, or dandruff and this usually makes the skin mildly inflamed on the scalp, as the skin turns scaly. The other type of eczema is Dyshidroic eczema that it is very itchy and forms on the palms of hands and feet, as a rash or skin irritation. Neurodermatitis is a type of dermatitis eczema when a person develops rash due to scratching the skin. The other type is Stasis dermatitis where the skin condition is brought on by varicose veins, leg veins and problems connected with the circulatory system.
The probable causes of this type of eczema are generally not known but it could be connected to problems with the immune system. An infection such as Staphylococcus aureus could trigger the problem, or it could be brought on by sweating, irritated dry skin, cigarette smoke, dust or wool. Food allergies, histamine intolerance and other allergies including prolonged exposure with microwave radiation may all be causes that can cause this type of disease.
Infants are prone to contracting infantile eczema. This may continue in their childhood up to adolescences and is seen on the face and scalp as crusting rash that oozes. When the rash starts drying up, it becomes scaly or turns thick when they reach puberty.
Childhood eczema or Atopic eczema is a common chronic skin condition that may be a severe sensitive skin allergy. People who suffer from this disease may also have problems such as hay fever or asthma. These could be hereditary as it has been noticed that some families have high incidences of this type of problems.
This type of eczema is visible as red inflamed rash and dry itchy skin. The word “dermatitis” means inflammation of the skin and “Atopic” relates to the component that is hereditary. This may be the reason,, why the disease is always brought on in conjunction with hay fever and asthma.
The skin becomes very inflamed, when there is atopic dermatitis or as it is popularly known, “eczema” where the skin cracks, oozes and forms crusts. The reason for this is that people who contract eczema have very dry skin which hastens the formation of rash that is painful and itchy.
Many infants and young children are beset commonly with this type of condition. The flare-ups that occur are followed by periods of remission with eczema. Children may enter the period of complete remission, as they grow up, though they may still experience dryness and extreme sensitivity.
This eczema in children may get aggravated when they develop allergies seasonally. It could be brought on by plant pollens, harsh soaps, when you change laundry detergents, or when you try out new skin lotions. Another reason that can set off this condition is cold weather. Some people may find the condition worsening when they develop food allergies or it could trigger a flare-up when they are exposed to animal dander.
The best way to try to handle the problem of atopic dermatitis is following a simple regimen of skin care. Use very mild soaps or cleansers that do not contain soap that is recommended by physicians. Make sure that the moisturizer you use does not aggravate the condition. Try not to change soaps and lotions frequently as the fragrances or other ingredients may create irritation that can bring on crusting, oozing and extreme itching of the skin.
People who suffer from atopic eczema should avoid having long showers or baths as this will only dry the skin further. It is advisable to air dry the skin once you bathe and avoid using a towel to briskly dry the skin.
Make sure you use a good moisturizer as soon as you bathe so that it is locked into your skin and helps to prevent the skin from getting dry or irritated. It is advisable to opt for creams rather than lotions as creams do not contain alcohol which may irritate the skin further.
If the cases are severe, preparations using tar-based products may prove effective for healing dry skin. Try to avoid moisturizers that contain fragrance so that the skin does not suffer from irritants.
It may be required to use antihistamines to alleviate the problem of itchy skin. Make sure you ensure that the fingernails of your child are trimmed short to prevent them from worsening the damage by scratching the area constantly. This can bring about other skin infections.
Be wary of ointments and creams that are sold over the counter, as the ingredients contained therein may trigger off some adverse reactions, such as thinning the skin or stunting the growth of a toddler or bring about further infections.
Nowadays, new topical creams are being introduced, which are specially formulated for childhood eczema. These are Protopic (Tracromlimus) or Elidel (Pimecromlimus) and are available in the market. They prove to bring immense relief for people suffering with this condition. However, it is worth checking if they work well on you as they may contain drugs that suppress one’s immune system. It has been recorded that they do not cause the skin to thing as most corticosteroids do when they react with the skin.
As people get older, it is possible that they may stop suffering from atopic eczema but till such time, they suffer a lot when their skin gets infected, becomes itchy, crusted and weeps.
The oil glands that are on the skin get affected with seborrheic eczema which is another type of eczema that is common. “Seborrhea” means “flow of oil” and the condition is referred to as, Seborrheic eczema. Our skin consists of two types of glands which are sweat and oil glands. The sweat glands are normally released when we sweat as it works like a temperature regulator for our body and removes toxic waste. The oil glands on the other hand, produce a type of oily substance that helps moisturize the skin and encourage natural smooth silky hair. Try to understand these basics, before you buy over-the-counter treatments, so that you can try to heal yourself using safe methods.
When a patient suffers from seborrheic eczema, the oily substance that is released for replenishing moisture comes out as a yellow substance that looks like pus. When this occurs, it indicates that the immune system is overactive because of toxic activity. At this time, toxins are released in high levels in the body. It is essential to release these harmful toxins in order to get the immune system back on track. When you suffer from reactions due to seborrheic eczema, you will notice that you need to replenish certain deficiencies which are important to correct and overcome the problem.
Seborrheic eczema is different from contact or atopic eczema that is brought on due to allergens. It is more often introduces by certain diets. Patients who consume excess saturated fats, junk food or processed sugars will find that they are faced with an overgrowth of candida due to the imbalances in the body. This increases the histamine activity, which in turns, causes the eczema flare-up as this candida yeast can travel to various areas that are most vulnerable and promote irritation. Each person may suffer from different reactions. The oil glands or sebaceous glands are the most vulnerable areas that can be attacked with seborrheic eczema. The areas that prove to have the most oil glands are the sides of the nose, scalp and center of the chest and behind the ears.
Patients who contract Seborrheic eczema need to change their diet importantly. The saturated fats and different processed sugars should be eliminated from the diet, as these are two major culprits that escalate the problem. Make sure you increase the fiber content in your diet as it will help to remove the overgrowth of candida. Try to incorporate foods that contain essential fatty acids, as well as vitamin E levels in the diet, as these are important essential nutrients that will help to retain moisture in the skin cells. The physician should ensure that all processed sugars and saturated fats are eliminated from the diet, as it has been noticed that these cause maximum problems for people who suffer from seborrheic dermatitis. This means that you should make it appoint to include greens such as spinach, collard, kale and broccoli in your diet.