Hypoglycaemia or Type 2 Diabetes, as it is generally known, occurs when the blood sugar drops to a low for diabetics, which is generally below 70 mg – dl. Patients do not realize they are in a condition because the symptoms come on suddenly. At this point, it is essential to take quick action.
Diabetics should be constantly alert regarding this condition especially if they experience symptoms and signs that can be worked upon before the situation worsens. Each patient reacts differently to this situation. Some people start shaking uncontrollably, feel an increased rate of palpitations, experience severe hunger pangs, start feeling weak and irritable, have blurred vision or feel dizzy and suffer headaches. In extreme cases, when the blood sugar drops rapidly, the patient becomes disoriented or even become unconscious.
The reasons for blood sugar dropping to alarming levels for diabetics could be due to improper eating habits. When one misses a particular meal or eats at irregular times, frequently resorts to overusing certain medicine, carries out excessive workouts or drinks too much alcohol, they can experience low blood sugar problems.
The general symptom experienced by diabetics of any age or body type, is impairment of the mental faculties. Patients should not disregard the symptoms or warning signals that occur, as one could end up with a stroke or other serious conditions, such as aneurysms. It is essential to get medical help as soon as one experiences certain symptoms, such as disorientation, feeling of intoxication, euphoria that comes with taking drugs or strange manic behaviour brought on by loss of mental faculties. Initially the symptoms may not cause much damage, but over a period of time the body will react adversely with increased manifestations of the problem.
Ensure that you check your blood sugar levels periodically, if you experience any of the symptoms detailed above. You can carry out a blood sugar test if you have your own kit. Work fast when you reach this condition by taking fast-acting glucose, 4 oz. of fruit juice, regular soda or 8 oz. of low-fat milk. You could even take 15 grams of quick-acting glucose which would roughly be about 4 glucose tablets. Try to relax for the next 15 minutes, once you have consumed any of the above foods. You can then check your blood sugar levels and see if you are in a safe range. Continue to imbibe some more food slowly if your sugar levels are still low.
You should figure out a pattern, in your food intake habits to ensure that your blood sugar levels do not drop alarmingly. Keep a check on the times this occurs and the amount of work you have put in, before each regiment. You will be able to figure out if your blood sugar level drops, before you have lunch, dinner or generally after your workout.
Try to limit your intake of chocolates, cakes, candies, cheese, pastries and similar foods. This is because the fat contained in this rich food is not easily absorbed due to your condition. You can still enjoy a good diet, with some of the delectable foods, if you make a conscious effort to use them judiciously with your diet.
Your diabetologist will be able to help you formulate a plan where you can adjust the changes along with the medication. Try to spread the word with your friends and family and educate them on the dangers of contracting problems with low blood sugar especially if they are prone to diabetes.