Many first time parents get alarmed when they see a red rash that appears like acne on the skin of their newborns. If you experience this, you can rest assured you are not alone, most newborns suffer from baby acne, an otherwise harmless skin condition that would appear within the first few weeks of birth. Sometimes some babies are born with an already established acne outbreak while to others it may appear several days after birth. Luckily, baby acne is a transitory condition and in most cases it will disappear as quickly as it appeared without any form of treatment.
There are three very common skin conditions in newborns and baby acne is one of those. In most cases, it will start in 2-3 weeks of birth and is characterized by red bumps appearing like pimples on the forehead, cheeks, and temples. Baby acne does not cause any sort of discomfort or irritation to the newborn, although it can be very worrying to parents, especially first time parents. Baby acne is believed to be caused by hormonal changes that take place in the mother’s body, especially during the last stages of pregnancy. So once the baby is born the only possible reaction would be in the skin. Luckily, the rash will disappear on its own within a few weeks. There are no special creams, lotions, and ointments made for baby acne as the condition is always very mild and the baby is always very delicate to handle any acne products. As such, you might want to avoid using acne products meant for teenagers or adults as you might end up worsening the condition.
The second common type of rash that affects infants is seborrheic dermatitis, which tends to occur when the baby is one month old. Seborrhea is normally characterized by red bumps that tend to be significantly smaller in size than the acne pimples. It is also characterized by flakes and crusty scales on all hair-bearing parts of the body such as the scalp, the eyelashes, and the eyebrows. Seborrhea commonly affects the neck and the shoulders and even though its cause is still vague, scientists believe it related baby eczema. Many people tend to believe that seborrhea is caused by an allergic reaction to what the baby is feeding on or by nursing and breastfeeding, but it is always not the cause. Just like baby acne, seborrhea disappears on its own but if it is distressful enough, your pediatrician can prescribe a steroid-based topical application cream.
The last type of skin condition that affects newborns is infant eczema which starts between the ages of 1 and 5 months. It is characterized by red bumps and scaly patches in different parts of the body, although it commonly affects the face, specifically the cheeks. Some kids suffering from eczema outgrow it as they age but the condition can persist throughout childhood. Moisturizing agents can treat the condition and in severe cases, the use of steroid creams among other prescription medications can be recommended. Whatever it is that your newborn is suffering from, it is always advisable you consult a pediatrician so you can get the best possible treatment.