Diabetes is the result of excess sugar in the bloodstream. Though sugar is a sweet substance, it can create havoc when there is surplus of it in the system.
Insulin allows glucose to be used by cells for giving energy to the body. It generally courses through the blood vessel, to the muscles in the body for people who do not suffer from diabetes. Type 1 Diabetics are not able to produce insulin in the body and Type 2 diabetics have insulin, which does not produce sufficient amounts to work well. Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar can occur if the diabetes is not held in check.
The blood cells become coated with sugar when glucose is contained for long periods in the bloodstream and this result in stiffening of the blood cells. This interference in the blood circulation causes cholesterol to develop on the inner lining of the blood vessels. The damage may not manifest itself for many years, but the patient may develop other complications in the feet, kidneys and eyes due to the blood vessels turning fragile.
Bacteria tend to thrive on glucose and this is an added complication that can occur. Together with nerve damage and loss of sensation that is directly related to glucose, problems arising with the feet could ultimately lead to amputation.
Over a period, the patient can suffer from a heart attack or stroke as the larger blood vessels begin to get affected.
“Ketosis” is yet another condition that can arise with hyperglycaemia. Since the body is unable to produce natural insulin, the body begins to use fat, in large amounts for energy due to lack of glucose. Ketones, which are produced when the fat begins to break down rapidly, are acidic in nature. When this begins building up in the bloodstream, the condition, known as ketoacidosis, is the result. This is a life-threatening complication.
Several complications can occur when one has uncontrolled diabetes. Therefore, it is important to be aware of these problems and take necessary action. It is also a fact that diabetes is one of the diseases that can be kept under control effectively. The right thing to do is to eat healthy foods, get enough exercise and control the weight, while ensuring that the blood sugar does not escalate to alarming levels. This will help a person to lead a healthy life and reduce the risks that are related to diabetes.
Detailed guidelines are available online with the American Diabetes Association. Check out their nutrition page and follow their advice for planning smart choices of meals. You can click on the Dietician feature to ask specific questions and get the right answers.
Given below is an extensive list of the drawbacks that can affect you when you take excess sugar:
- Excessive sugar can affect your immune system by suppressing normal activity. It can also affect the balance of the minerals in the body. People, suffering from high levels of sugar can become hyperactive, find it difficult to concentrate, get depressed or anxious. Children who suffer from diabetes become extremely cranky. Their levels of activity begin to slow down, as they feel drowsy most of the time.
- Triglycerides rise when the levels of sugar rise. This can result in reduction of the good HDLs (high-density cholesterol) and cause an elevation of the bad cholesterol. (LDLs) Hyperglycaemia is another problem that occurs with high sugar levels. The other problems like kidney damage, deficiency in the system of copper and chromium is imminent. One can suffer from a coronary heart disease due to this.
- Excessive sugar can interfere with proper amount of magnesium and calcium being absorbed in the blood. This in turn, promotes tooth decay and several related problems, such as acid formation in the stomach and increased fasting levels seen in the blood glucose.
- The adrenaline levels rise in children and diseases, such as periodontal and cholesterol increase, begins to affect the patient. This can result in enhancing the aging process. Grey hair and wrinkles appear faster and the patient may face weight gain as they become obese.
- Other associated problems with sugar are ulcerative colitis and the chances of protracting Crohn’s disease. Apart from causing diabetes, there can be a decrease in the glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases are liable to occur with sugar.
- The other factors that result from excess sugar is increase in the systolic blood pressure, allergies from certain foods and the formation of free radicals in the bloodstream. If a diabetic is pregnant, toxaemia is one of the dangers. Children are in danger of contracting eczema. The pancreas can get damaged due to being overstressed. Atherosclerosis can occur and the lining of the capillaries are likely to be compromised.
- The liver can be affected with sugar. The size of the liver may change when excess fat settles on the liver. The liver cells begin to divide causing an increase in the size. Fluid retention is another complication that takes place with hormonal imbalance, hypertension and depression. The size of the kidney may be affected pathologically.
- Patients suffer migraines and frequent headaches. There is difficulty in thinking clearly and rationally, when the alpha, delta and theta brain waves increase. The platelet of the blood sees significant increase, which results in increased blood clots that give rise to strokes. Sugar is harmful for diabetics, as it increases the insulin responses when diets loaded with sugar are consumed, instead of diets with less sugar. The colon can get affected when increased bacteria begins to start fermenting.